THAAD (Terminal High Altitude Area Defense) is a mobile system is meant to destroy incoming missile warheads in their terminal phases. Since these warheads would be destroyed over friendly territory the THAAD missile works using a direct hit instead of proximity explosions—the kinetic kill—to not disperse the warhead materials wider than minimally possible.
X-band radar (microwave frequencies from 7–11.2 GHz) ground units guide the 125 mile ranged missile with an altitude capability of 93 miles. The ER (extended range) version, if development is successful, promises to be useful against hypersonic glide vehicles.
The speed of incoming warheads, as well as hypersonic glide vehicles, make shooting them down a machine-v-machine affair as there is a matter of ten seconds or less to acquire, launch and kill the incoming threat.
Norge was built for a single purpose and that was as transport for arctic exploration. Airships were the vehicle of choice back in the day (in this case the early 1920s) as they were faster, more reliable and longer ranged than aircraft—as well as free from the maritime constraints of ships.
Famed polar explorers Roald Amundsen and Lincoln Ellsworth combined efforts to fly over the North Pole as well as transit the arctic ice cap for a flight in 1926. Equally famous as an airship pilot and airship designer Umberto Nobile was engaged to modify his N-1 airship design as well as pilot the airship Norge on what became known as the Amundsen–Ellsworth 1926 Transpolar Flight.
The Norge was a semi rigid airship with a cruciform tail recently indebted by the Schütte-Lanz company (becoming the standard in Hindenburg designs as well). Metal framing gave shape to the nose and tail with a flexible metal keel aiding in the length dimension. Pressurization of the enveloped then gave the final aerodynamic shape with hydrogen filled gas cells providing lift (displacement, really). A control gondola and three engine gondolas completed the overall design. 16 men formed the Norge’s compliment on the expedition. Although not landing at the North Pole the expedition flew over it on 12 May 1926, dropping flags of Norway, the United States and Italy to signify the accomplishment of being the first to the North Pole.
The Norge was 347′ 9″ in length and has a payload capacity of 20,900 pounds using 670,000 cubic feet of hydrogen gas. Three Maybach Mb.IV could power the Norge to 71 mph.
Recently, the USAF dropped the MOAB (Massive Ordinance Air Blast or GBU-43) against insurgents in Afghanistan. The weapon works, as its name implies, by detonating a huge explosive charge just above ground. The blast creates a shock wave called overpressure (a 10 psi overpressure will destroy all but concrete buildings). Once related by parachute extraction on a pallet from its MC-130E Combat Talon steering vanes steer the device to its target. Obviously, air supremacy is required for use of the MOAB. It is the largest non-nuclear bomb used in hostile action to date.
That is for above ground and in the presence of air supremacy. The USAF also has a massive weapon for below ground use and when the fight for air supremacy is on—such as the onset of hostilities when elimination of command and communication bunkers is desired. Hence the MOP (Massive Ordinance Penetrator or GBU-57) which outweighs the MOAB by 8400 pounds, is also non-nuclear and can be delivered by a B-2 stealth bomber. Like the MOAB it also has winglets, steering vanes and GPS for accuracy. Unlike the MOAB, the MOP is designed to penetrate as far as 200 feet into the ground prior to detonation.
A simple merchandise bag with clever artful advertising—a souvenir in itself—and only a few pence in the UK (which has retailers charge for them to encourage folks to bring their own bags which are used over and over saving the planet from choking on trash).
This bag, of course, came from the FAST Museum—the original grounds of British aviation development. Artful and clever in design.
There is no image of a similar bag from the IWM–Duxford—that massive museum complex of world-class calibre. Why is that? Well…they do not have merch bags for a few pence but they do for about £2 and are the type meant to re-use in shopping, with fancy design on them to be sure. Seemingly, it appears to be all about the money. So, if you don’t want to purchase a merch bag there wear clothing with many pockets 😉
Make sure to go to the FAST Museum, though 😉